Knowledge base


1.What are the delivery terms?

The delivery terms define the rules for the delivery of goods between the seller and the recipient in international trade. The most commonly used standard in this matter are the International Trade Rules, Incoterms in different ways.

2. What goods are described as dangerous?

Goods described as dangerous are, among others explosives, flammable gases, non-flammable gases, poisonous gases, inflammable liquids, inflammable materials, self-igniting materials, dangerous in contact with water, oxidizing agents, organic peroxides, poisonous, infectious, radioactive, corrosive, dangerous..

3. What do DGR / ADR abbreviations mean?

DGR (Dangerous Goods) are dangerous to health and the environment to materials, while ADR is a European agreement concerning the international transport of hazardous materials.

4. What do the ETD / ETA abbreviations mean?

ETD (Estimated Time of Departure) means the estimated time of departure from the port, while ETA (Estimated Time of Arrival) is the estimated time of ship’s readiness to enter the port.

5. What is a product of strategic importance?

Goods of strategic importance usually refer to goods that can be used in both civilian and military purposes. Their control results from the legislation of the European Union. Goods of strategic importance are also weapons, whose control is based on national legal acts. The term also applies to non-explosive materials that can be used to create a nuclear bomb and other explosive charges.

6. What is the IMDG code?

IMDG, or the International Code of Dangerous Goods, is a guide to the rules for transporting dangerous goods by sea.

7. How many pallets fit in one 20 and 40-foot counter?

The 20-foot container can hold 11 pallets horizontally (10 industrial pallets), while a 40-foot container can accommodate 25 pallets (21 industrial pallets).

8. What is the consolidation of shipments?

Consolidation of shipments consists in combining shipments from different suppliers into one cargo.

9. What is groupage transport?

Groupage loads are characterized by a low unit mask. In their case, special care should be taken to ensure proper transport conditions using, among others, special bottles, grilles, cartons, chests, etc.

10. What does the abbreviation DMC mean?

DMC – the total permissible gross weight and the cargo. The DMC specifies a road code.

11. What is the fuel surcharge?

It is a courier company set by a wholesaler.

12. What should you remember when transporting live animals?

Consent for the carriage of live animals is obtained from the poviat veterinary surgeon. Requirements for stationing carrying live animals, for example, at the latest, before commencement and end of use.

13. What is Incoterms?

Incoterms, or International Trade Rules for general adoption. They set the costs and the prohibition with the division into the buyer and the seller. The latest amendment to Incoterms comes from January 1, 2011.

14. What should I remember about customs clearance in import?

At customs clearance, one should first and foremost remember about the obligation to provide relevant documents. I am talking here mainly about a commercial invoice (not a pro forma form). You also need to remember about the packing list, which determines what exactly is in the package. Confirmation of payment for the goods is also required. In the case of electronic products, you must provide a CE certificate confirming the conformity of the product with the EU directives. Some types of shipments require the transfer of Certificates of Origin or other licenses and permits.

15. What should be on the import invoice?

The import invoice should contain:

  • invoice number
  • the date of issue
  • name and address of the sender and recipient
  • description of the item in the parcel
  • unit of measurement of the quantity of goods
  • unit value of the commodity and summary
  • currency symbol
  • symbol of supplier terms from Incoterms
  • transport cost (if there is no separate invoice including this cost)
  • the country of origin

16. What is the ATA carnet?

The ATA carnet is a customs document that allows temporary export of goods for legitimate purposes in 74 countries associated in ATA.

17. What does the expression airport to airport mean?

The supplier organizes transport to the airport on his own, the forwarder deals with handling the parcel at the airport, while the recipient organizes the shipment from the airport on their own.

18. What does the phrase door to door mean?

It means full forwarding service, i.e. the forwarder is responsible for picking up the package from the supplier, transport by air and organizing transport from the airport directly to the recipient.

19. What is the volume weight?

Volumetric weight, otherwise known as bulky, refers to the spatial mass based on the dimensions of the shipment.

20. What is a bill of lading?

This is an extremely important document, which is the basis for issuing the cargo to the holder in the port. Issued by the carrier or his representative.

21. What is SeaWayBill?

SeaWayBill is an express bill of lading which does not have to be issued in paper form. Issued most often to recipients to whom the suppliers have full confidence.

22. What is the time of transport by sea?

Depending on various factors and location, shipping time by sea can be from 30 to even 60 days.

23. What is the time of air transport?

Depending on many factors and location, the time of transport of shipments by air can be up to 7 days.

24. What is the time of land transport?

Depending on many factors and location, the time of transporting land parcels can be from 1 to even 30 days.